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Leaked conversations between Doval and Patrushev include evidence of high-level US spying

The disclosure of a Washington paper on conversations between Ajit Doval and Nikolai Patrushev, the secretary of the Russian Security Council, has shown that the US was spying on India's national security adviser.
The Washington Post's article on the leak did not make it clear if the intercept was made in Russia or India.
The newspaper reported on the stolen document on Sunday, saying, “It says that Doval assured Patrushev of India's support for Russia in multilateral forums and that New Delhi was working to ensure the war did not come up during a Group of 20 (G20) meeting chaired by India, despite 'considerable pressure' to do so.
The paper, according to the Post, said that Doval claimed India was defying “pressures” to adopt Western-backed resolutions at the UN on Ukraine.
India “would not deviate from the principled position it had taken in the past,” the Post quoted the paper as saying.
The Post report did not make it apparent if the two had the talk during a face-to-face encounter or over the phone, making it unclear how the US learned about the situation.
It would seem to have occurred in Moscow if it were based on a direct recording of a face-to-face conversation.
If such is the case, there is a discrepancy between the Post's claimed meeting date and a potential meeting date.
The chat, according to the publication, is alleged to have occurred on February 22, one week before the G20 foreign ministers conference, which will be held in Bengaluru on March 1.
However, no record of a conversation between Doval and Patrushev on that day could be located in the public domain.
The Ministry of External Affairs reports that they met in Moscow on February 9 and “discussed issues, including bilateral relations, regional and international developments” at that time. This suggests that they will likely meet in person on that day.
Doval spoke with Vladimir Putin when he was in the Russian capital from February 7 to February 9.
Unless there was a phone discussion on that day, it's plausible that the document was dated February 22 and the newspaper thought that it was the day of the meeting.
Andriy Yermak, the head of Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky, called Doval on February 20 to persuade India to back a UN General Assembly resolution on February 23 denouncing Russia's incursion.
The information that was leaked may have been based on a call Patrushev made the night before the Assembly meeting.
India chose not to vote on the resolution.
The Post article did not make it clear where the dialogue mentioned in the stolen document came from, and it is also possible that it was based on internal meeting reports rather than a direct recording.
One of several papers that were published on the chat app Discord was the one pertaining to the Doval-Patrushev exchange.
A Massachusetts Air National Guard soldier named Jack Teixeira, 21, is accused of leaking a large number of sensitive papers, many of which include details on US surveillance efforts.
Beyond the filing of spying charges against Texeira individually due to the leaks, there is no independent verification of the authenticity of specific documents.
Sergey Lavrov of Russia and Qin Gang of China were present at the G20 foreign ministers' meeting, along with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken.
It was clear that an agreement could not be reached, and the two lines on Ukraine were not accepted by all foreign ministers, as was highlighted at the top of the conclusion paper by S. Jaishankar, India's minister of external affairs.
The majority of members “strongly condemned the war in Ukraine,” according to those phrases, and “it is essential to uphold international law and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability.”
They came to a close with the oft-quoted words, “Today's era must not be of war,” from Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
India has expressed diplomatic condemnation of Moscow while remaining neutral on UN resolutions over Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
India is on the side of peace and will stay firmly there, Jaishankar stated at the UN General Assembly last year. He further said, “We are on the side that respects the UN Charter and its founding principles.”
The Post claims that the released papers also demonstrated that the US had access to internal Pakistani government records.
Hina Rabbani Khar, Pakistan's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, reportedly said that Islamabad “no longer try to maintain a middle ground between China and the United States” in an internal message that was included in the leaked document “Pakistan's Difficult Choices.”
According to The Post, she said that maintaining Pakistan's relationship with the US would prevent it from reaping the full rewards of its “real strategic” engagement with China.
According to the newspaper, a different document dated February 17 showed that Shehbaz Sharif's aide in Pakistan advised him against supporting a resolution on Ukraine because doing so would indicate a change in Pakistan's stance and jeopardise Pakistan's ability to negotiate trade and energy agreements with Russia.
According to The Post, the records revealed how extensively South Africa, Brazil, and Egypt were spied upon.

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